Thursday, November 15, 2018

Senate Indian Affairs Committee APPROVES SAVANNA'S ACT #MMIW Gains Support

Savanna LaFonataine-Greywind
Murdered at 22

A U.S. Senate committee has approved a bill aimed at addressing the high number of missing and murdered Native American women.
The U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs approved Savanna's Act on Wednesday, sending it to the full Senate for consideration.
The measure would expand tribal access to federal crime databases and establish protocols for handling cases of missing and murdered Native Americans.
It also would require annual reports on the number of missing and murdered Native American women amid concerns that inadequate data collection has stifled efforts to measure the full scope of the problem.
The bill is named for 22-year-old Savanna LaFontaine-Greywind, who was slain in 2017 while eight months pregnant.
Its sponsor Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, a North Dakota Democrat, lost her bid for re-election last week.
A study released by a Native American nonprofit says numerous police departments in cities nationwide are not adequately identifying or reporting cases of missing and murdered indigenous women.

Grand Ronde Tribal Council REINSTATES 19 Chief Tumulth Descendants

DOING THE RIGHT THING, honors the Grand Ronde tribe and the ancestors.  What can be a better choice??
Yes, they DO

They voted 4-3 to reinstate the membership of 19 Chief Tumulth descendants during its Wednesday, Nov. 14, meeting, concluding a more than four-year process.

The descendants, including some who are now deceased, were identified for disenrollment in 2014 when the Tribe’s Enrollment Committee ruled that they and other Chief Tumulth descendants did not meet the Tribal Constitution’s lineal descent requirements at the time of their enrollment.

They were the second of two family trees descended from Chief Tumulth, who signed the Willamette Valley Treaty of 1855. He did not reach the Grand Ronde Reservation to appear on a valid roll or record created by the federal government because he was executed by the U.S. Army.

Some argued, however, that signing a foundational treaty should be considered a “valid” document for enrollment purposes.

The first branch of the Tumulth family tree, which included 67 descendants, eventually won their disenrollment case with the Tribe when the Tribal Court of Appeals ruled in August 2016 that the Tribe waited too long in its attempt to correct the membership status of Chief Tumulth descendants. The cases were remanded back to Tribal Chief Judge David Shaw and the Enrollment Board.

In October 2016, the Enrollment Board dismissed disenrollment proceedings against the 67 descendants. However, the other 19 Tumulth descendants were not given back their Tribal enrollment status because they failed to file an appeal within the 14-day time limit set by the Tribe’s Enrollment Ordinance. That decision was upheld by the Tribal Court of Appeals.

Should CORRUPT BIA Get OUT of The CDIB business

Based on documents obtained by Emilio Reyes, Tongva, through a Freedom of Information Act request, the BIA has struggled with how to issue CDIBs for decades.

ur friend Emilio getting recognized for his hard work exposing the BIA's corruption in Indian Country Today. 

“It’s unclear what [the BIA] is trying to do,” said Paul Spruhan during a recent lecture at Arizona State University’s Indian Legal Program. “The CDIB has become a thing of mystical quality without an origin story.”

Tribal Disenrollment is also on the minds of other Indian legal experts. Gabriel S. Galanda, a citizen of the Round Valley Indian Tribes of Northern California and a frequent critic of tribal disenrollment, wrote in a recent blog: “The Bureau’s proposed withdrawal will—not may, will— ‘feed into the ongoing controversies over tribal recognition, membership, and disenrollment.’“ Galanda further agreed with Spruhan’s writings: “Spruhan correctly analyzes CDIBs in ‘the current environment surrounding disenrollment,’


Thursday, November 8, 2018

Pechanga Tribal Member Calls for Disenrollment of REMAINING APIS DESCENDANTS

The Pechanga Tribe is in Distress

Are more Tribal Disenrollments back on tap at the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians in Temecula?

I wrote an opinion piece for the Temecula Patch (Pechanga Ended Birthright ... )about tribes that disenroll their members, such a Pechanga and the Pala Band of Mission Indians a couple of weeks ago. The tribe's mouthpiece, who goes by the nom de plume of Another View responded, in a subsequent Temecula Patch piece .  Which proves he's either hilariously misinformed, or deliberately misleading
The opinion piece about "birthright citizenship" at Pechanga has no merit. The families removed from the Pechanga tribal roll simply lacked the proof needed to establish tribal membership. One family, the Mirandas, traces its ancestry to Pablo Apis.

One scholarly source describes his origin thus: "Pablo Apis, a Luiseño Indian, was born about 1792 at Guajome near Mission San Luis Rey," now within Oceanside, California. [See here:] The Catholic Church granted Pablo Apis land in the vicinity of Temecula, for his services to the Church, and he resided there.

He died in the 1850s, before the formation of the Pechanga Indian Reservation in 1882. This land the Pechanga Band of Indians occupied. He had no association with this group of Indians which split off from the Temecula Indians.

Shamelessly, the descendants of Pablo Apis claim a status for him false in fact.  (OP:  So, can we intimate that he believe the OTHER APIS descendants are to be disenrolled?  If not, WHY? Why are some okay, but not others? 

This is strange to those of us, including the Apis descendants of Manuela Miranda. Why? Because there are STILL descendants of Apis IN THE TRIBE, as members. So is Another View saying that SOME descendants, such as Francis Miranda who was one of the leaders of the disenrollment movement (including her OWN FAMILY), and who voted to KICK out her own family, has outlived their usefulness? WHY would the tribe accept SOME Apis descendants but not others if they had NO VALID CLAIM as tribal members?

Should all of them FEAR for their per capita... er, their tribal citizenship? WILL MORE DISENROLLMENTS HAPPEN AT PECHANGA. Is the casino doing that badly after expansion, they need more money?

WATCH YOUR BACKS APIS Descendants remaining in the tribe, they are COMING FOR YOU.

Wednesday, November 7, 2018

Muskogee Creek Freedmen vs ZINKE lawsuit JURISDICTION questions

The estimable TURTLE TALK BLOG has the latest documents on the Muskogee Freedmen lawsuit against Ryan Zink.

From MCFreedmen MOTION to DISMISS:

Defendant’s tribal exhaustion arguments are not relevant here. Tribal exhaustion is not required where an action in tribal court violates express jurisdictional prohibitions, as here. Even if tribal exhaustion were required, the futility exception applies.

North Dakota Law Threatened Native American Votes. They Responded By Turning Out in Historic Numbers

Keep in mind, that TRIBES have stifled voters via tribal disenrollment for a DECADE....

controversial new voter ID law in North Dakota made casting a ballot more difficult for thousands of Native Americans living on reservations in the state this year. But in the face of a law critics called “plainly unconstitutional,” Native Americans in parts of North Dakota appeared to turn out to vote in record numbers in Tuesday’s 2018 midterm elections.

REAL NATIVE AMERICAN WOMEN WIN! Fake Wannabe Indian Elizabeth Warren Did too..

Sharice Davids, Deb Haaland


And i n New Mexico, Democrat Deb Haaland sailed to victory in her bid for U.S. Congress. She hails from the Pueblo of Laguna. With votes still being counted, Republican Yvette Herrell (Cherokee) is slightly ahead in her Congressional race.
News from Kansas, Sharice Davids, a Democrat, has won her race for U.S. Congress. She is a citizen of the Ho-Chunk Nation.

In Minnesota, Democrat Peggy Flanagan won election as lieutenant governor. She is a citizen of the White Earth Nation.

The FAKE INDIAN, Elizabeth Warren also won

Monday, November 5, 2018

Democrats Have Always Been Our Oppressors on Indian Civil Rights & Disenrollment

Friends, family and people who know me, know that I lean to the right politically.  One Reason...


The Chairman of my tribe, the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians, Mark Macarro is married to high powered lobbyist Holly Cook Macarro, who was on Hillary Clinton's short list for Native American advisers.   And, for those of you who will say, WHAT ABOUT TRUMP?   Uh, I WARNED you all in 2016 in Never Trump, Never Hillary...'remember?    Hillary was so bad, even her own people supported Obama.

Pechanga Tribal Chairman Mark Macarro, and Democrat darling is a strongman and a thug whose authoritarian regime rigs elections, has control of tribal media outlets,  regularly stamps out dissent, invades private property, lies to congressdisappears the opposition, abuses human rights, stinks of corruption and meddles in other nation's sovereignty-- including tribal casino opportunities, where he was the state SPOKESPERSON in pro-tribal casino referendums. Oh, and Macarro is anti union too.


The National Review discovers tribal disenrollment.  A decade late, but better late than never..

Over the weekend, Gabriel Rossman, a sociologist at UCLA with a nose for interesting social phenomena, pointed to 

Native American Heritage Month : RESTORE the Citizenship and BIRTHRIGHT to Disenrolled Native Americans

This month-long holiday is a time to celebrate rich and diverse cultures, traditions, and histories and to pay homage to the important and numerous contributions of Native American people throughout the centuries.

Left unsaid is the issue of over 11,000 Native Americans who suffered the abuse of tribal disenrollment, moratoriums and banishment  at the hand of their own tribes.  This holiday month presents the PERFECT opportunity for tribes to restore their people to their rightful place in the tribe, to bring all the people home.


If you live in or near Los Angeles here is a quick history lesson on the Tongva people from my friend Emilio Reyes.
The first people to inhabit the area of LA were known as the Gabrielinos. This name was given by the Spaniards to the Indians living around the area of Mission San Gabriel. Today most Gabrielinos identify themselves as Tongva, which means People of the Earth in the traditional Tongva language.

In 1851 the Gabrielino treaty was signed at the Tejon Pass. In 1853, 50,000 acres were promised on the San Sebastian Reserve at the Tejon Pass as a temporary reservation. Instead this piece of land ended up as the private property of BIA Superintendent, Edward Beale, leaving Gabrielinos without any land or Indian reservation.

During the Indian Claims Commission Act (1946-1970’s), the Gabrielino claimed the largest amount of land than any other California Indian Tribe. It is documented and recognized that the Tongva claimed 1,553,773 acres of land.

The Tongva lived in Los Angeles, including parts of Orange, San Bernardino, Riverside (Prado) and Santa Barbara.
The history books, the newspapers and at the times the Federal Government thru the Bureau of Indian Affairs have declared the Tongva extinct.
Approximately 5,000-10,000 individuals who claim Tongva ancestry live today.
Even though the Gabrielino people are now recognized by the City of Los Angeles and by the State of California, the federal government and the Bureau of Indian Affairs fails to acknowledge the first people of Los Angeles.
Recognition and identity is critically important to the Tongva, especially when it comes to important Native issues such as protecting our ancestral lands and sacred sites.
Due to the lack of federal recognition, other near by tribes such as Pechanga and Santa Ynez are entitled to make decisions on behalf of the Tongva, even though the LA Area is not part of their ancestral lands.
The struggle for federal recognition continues...

Thursday, November 1, 2018

Disenrollments at Omaha Tribe of Nebraska, Certainly NOT EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW

We are learning more about the recent tribal disenrollments at the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska.  It's about dual citizenship and it's not unusual for tribes to have rules against that.  Our tribe, the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians also has that rule in the constitution.

I wanted to learn more about these because you have wonder what the motives were in this case of Taylor Keen and  Marisa Miakonda Cummings have been disenrolled because of dual citizenship, in Keen's case and because of a change of blood quantum for Marisa's great grandfather.  In what must be an AMAZING coincidence, the tribe made the blood quantum adjustment AFTER she worked with the FBI, under subpoena, providing financial documents that lead to 7 council members and employees pleading guilty to misusing federal money to provide themselves bonuses.    

I'm thinking coincidence could happen right, right?

Northern Cheyenne Proposes DENYING MOTHER'S BLOODLINE in Membership Requirement Shift.

OH no....disenollment rearing it's ugly head in Jon Tester's Montana Indian Country.   WHY do they disrespect their women?

 A proposed resolution which would dramatically change requirements for enrollment in the Northern Cheyenne Tribe: From the current system of lineal descendants (tracing your heritage or blood line to an original enrolled person in 1884) to being at least 50% Northern Cheyenne on the paternal side.

That would drastically reduce the number of people eligible for enrollment, presently about 13,000. For example, it would eliminate me as my Cheyenne blood goes to my mother. It would, however include my children who trace the majority of their blood to their father. But if they marry non-Indians or non-Cheyenne, their children would then be ineligible.


Wednesday, October 31, 2018

Are YOU Active ENOUGH on Social Media? How to Get Involved on NATIVE ISSUES

We know that MORE politicians from both sided of the aisle are turning to TWITTER for information.  Feel free to FOLLOW me @opechanga , fair warning, you may not like all my tweets...

Here are Twitter addresses to which to share stories of injustice in Indian Country.  This blog, as well as have buttons to tweet out each story.  GOOGLE + each story too, please.  Using this method as well as email to keep the issues out front.

@USIndianAffairs =   BIA
@Interior    = Dept. of the Interior
@IndianCommittee = Senate Indian Affairs Committee (SIAC)
@NatResources   = Natural Resources Committee
@NRDems     = Democratic Side
@Indianz   =
@SenatorTomUdall = Minority SIAC
@SenJohnHoeven = Majority SIAC
@SenKamalaHarris   = CA Senator Kamala Harris
@SenFeinstein    = CA Senator Dianne Feinstein
@victorrocha1 = media influencer
@Stgmovement = has lots of followers, RT's can get more impressions

#Tribal Disenrollment

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Concerned about TRUMP Ending Birthright Citizenship? DOZENS of TRIBES Have DONE JUST THAT

The Galanda Broadman team hit one out of the park with this tweet of a NYTIMES article

NYTIMES Breaking News: President Trump said he was preparing an executive order to end birthright citizenship. It is unclear whether he can do so unilaterally.

GalandaBroadman:   80 groups of tribal politicians have already done this in Indian Country.
I believe the term is ..... BOOM!

Monday, October 29, 2018


OUCH BABY, the LAWSUIT against one Chukchansi faction that raided the casino operations is BACK ON!

Two unwitting pawns in a bitter, protracted leadership dispute between rival factions of an Indian tribe, appellants Shawn Fernandez and Brian Auchenbach, took part in a paramilitary raid of the tribe’s casino offices in order to oust a competing tribal faction of possession. The two men believed they had been lawfully deputized as police officers for the tribe, had full legal authority to engage in the operation, and would not face any adverse legal consequences or criminal charges as a result. They believed this, because attorneys for the tribal faction that hired them as police officers assured them it was true.

It wasn’t. Contrary to counsel’s assurances, Fernandez and Auchenbach were arrested by the Madera County Sheriff’s Department, along with the others who participated in the raid, and were charged with 29 felony counts. The two men then brought this lawsuit against the attorneys involved, alleging causes of action for attorney malpractice, negligence and fraud, premised on the attorneys’ false assurances to them concerning the validity of the tribal police force that had hired them and the legality of the armed raid they took part in.

BOOM:!The trial court granted the attorneys’ motion to strike their complaint under the anti-SLAPP statute (Code Civ. Proc., § 425.161). We reverse, because this lawsuit does not arise from any activity protected by that statute.

During several private planning meetings with the new ostensible police force, attorneys Lester Marston and Mark Levitan advised the group that the planned operation was legal and authorized by all pertinent governmental agencies.

In particular, both lawyers repeatedly assured the police force that they had been deputized by “Special Law Enforcement Commission, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Justice Services” as tribal police officers and were therefore authorized to enforce federal law on tribal property, all relevant law enforcement agencies had accepted their appointment as tribal police officers (including the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Madera County Sheriff’s Department), as officers of the newly formed police department they were properly and legally authorized to takepossession of the casino office without interference from the Madera County Sheriff’s Department, and they would face no adverse legal consequences or charges as a result of
carrying out the eviction operation

Thursday, October 25, 2018

NCAI Executive director Jackie Pata Sidelined Amid Concerns About #MeToo Investigation

Sad news this week.  I've met her, nice woman, dedicated.

Jackie Pata, the highest-ranking staffer at the National Congress of American Indians, has been placed on leave as questions mount about her handling of a #MeToo scandal and other long-standing employee complaints.

As they prepare for a milestone conference in Denver, Colorado, tribal leaders who serve on NCAI's executive committee made the decision to suspend Pata on Saturday. She will be sidelined pending the results of an investigation into allegations of staff misconduct, one of the issues that Indianz.Com has reported on over the last two months.


Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Guest Blogger Says BIA is Corrupt Including Delaying Recognition

I've moved this comment from our friend known as Reinstatement_Restitution where he said in response to Dr. Ken Hansen's post from yesterday on BIA MALFEASANCE in stifling self determination to it's own post...

The problem is that the BIA is corrupt and BIA officials accept "contributions" in exchange for favoritism. The laws that govern recognition were fatally flawed because they allowed the BIA to delay or deny recognition so long that people would give up. The BIA recognized this and revised the Part 83 process so that it would operate to more quickly terminate tribes that apply for recognition. The political climate in America towards Indians is one of status quo. The tribes that currently exist can participate in federal programs and services, disenroll members, and reap the benefits of tribal gaming. New tribes had better have a treasure chest to buy influence or face termination.

Otherwise it is business as usual. Indians can commit crimes against other Indians without repercussion. The federal government's attitude is to let it be a free for all unless it goes outside the reservation. Investigations extend endlessly and never result in indictments. Federal Courts protect the sovereign immunity of corrupt tribal leaders. The BIA regularly colludes with tribal leaders to promote corrupt agendas. No one sees anything wrong with the status quo because those in power benefit from tribal leaders "contributions."

This has been going on for a long time. Congress does not care. Courts do not care. Federal agencies do not care. American citizens do not care. Indians do not care about what happens to other Indians. I don't want to sound pessimistic because there are other options to explore. Maybe there will be a break in the near future that will open the door to change. Look to the future...

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Kenneth Hansen: BIA Stifling Tribal Self-Determination, Leads To Disenrollment

Kenneth Hansen Ph.D
Our friend and Native American scholar from California State University Fresno Kenneth Hansen Ph.D,  is a guest blogger today, with this article on the Bureau of Indian Affairs and it's role in Tribal Disenrollment.
I URGE you to read and share the link on social Media

BIA stifles tribal self-determination, leads to disenrollment

Many of us have been trying to determine the root causes of tribal disenrollment for many years. Our online friend Emilio Reyes is on to something when he says that the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is greatly responsible for the lack of recognition (of both tribes and individuals). Federal acknowledgement processes are as byzantine as one can possibly imagine. Renee Cramer (2007) discusses how there are no less than 30 different standards for recognizing who is Indian in the eyes of the US federal government. The acknowledgement process, despite recent attempts at reform, still takes over 30 years.

Why is it that the BIA is unable to resolve intra-tribal conflicts that might eventually lead to disenrollment or banishment of rival factions? One possible explanation is bureaucratic rigidity. In the field of Public Administration, we regularly discuss Merton’s (1957) bureaucratic pathologies, which include such scary-sounding things as the rigidity cycle, trained incapacity, and goal displacement. What seems to have happened to the BIA (from the outside looking in) is that as an organization, they have no sense of their place in history.

Monday, October 22, 2018

NCAI: Will They FINALLY Stand UP AGAINST Tribal Disenrollment ANSWER: NOPE

For years, we have reported that the National Congress of American Indians has stood by in silence, while over 10,000 American Indians have had their civil and human rights abused by Tribes who have disenrolled their people.  

Related Links:   NCAI Silent over a Decade  and NCAI, NIGC and NARF MIA on Dismemberment

September 28th is the deadline for submitting resolutions to the NCAI for the 2019 year and THERE IS NOTHING ON THEIR AGENDA on TRIBAL DISENROLLMENT of NATIVE AMERICANS
They found some time for

ALLEN LAWSON, White Descendant, WILL BE OUT as San Pasqual Tribal Chairman

Descended from FRANK TRASK, white man who benefitted from BIA's abuse of Native Americans of the San Pasqual reservation will NOT be on the ballot for the upcoming January election.

Thursday, October 18, 2018


Good News coming from Alaska: There will be a vote to oppose the termination of BIA's degree of Indian Blood program the NCAI also came out against after Emilio Reyes has brought these issues to light

The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) is pleased to share the 2018 Draft Convention Resolutions that will be considered by AFN delegates on Saturday, October 20th at the Dena’ina Center.

Each year, members of the Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) submit proposed resolutions, which are reviewed by AFN’s Resolutions Committee and the AFN board of directors, and then introduced for consideration at AFN’s annual Convention.

Draft Resolution 18-23


5,000 Natives voting on the issue...

Wednesday, October 17, 2018


Looks like the NCAI has found a spine on the Certified Degree of Indian Blood issue we've discussed before, when rising indigenous activist Emilio Reyes brought it to our attention...and we published this story from noted Native Rights Attorney Gabriel Galanda  BIA's BLOOD TROUBLE

They are asking for a consultation, check that A MEANINGFUL CONSULTATION on the ramifications of the decision to drop the practice of issuing CDIB as manadated by law...They've screwed it up many times, including using Mexican Indians for some tribal affiliations  and allowing the PAPER GENOCIDE via tribal disenrollment.   

GOOD on the NCAI, now get into the #STOPDISENROLLMENT fight..

UNLEASHING WHITE STUPIDITY: Fallout from Elizabeth Warren's DNA Debacle is Lindsey Graham's Disrespect of Native Americans

Just when you think it can't get worse than Elizabeth Warren's shameful attempt to exploit Native Americans, while doing NOTHING to help, we get this:

Senator Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina) has weighed in the Senator Elizabeth Warren’s DNA test results that showed she has "native American ancestry"

Acting like GOMER PYLE
Shazam, the stupidity

On Tuesday morning, he showed up on “Fox and Friends,” to say he would take his own DNA test and would “beat” Warren in having more American Indian ancestry.  OP:  The new parlor game:  How much Indian am I?" 

“I’ve been told that my grandmother was part Cherokee Indian,” Graham said. “It may all be just talk, but you’re going to find out in a couple of weeks because I’m going to take this test. … I’m taking it, and the results are going to be revealed here. This is my Trump moment. This is reality TV.”


Graham  thinks all American Indians have casinos?   He can't be this stupid, and he's not.  He's simply being disrespectful to an entire culture across the Americas, dismissing us as worthless. 

Maybe his staff will start doing the tomahawk chop??

Tuesday, October 16, 2018


There are over 11,000 Native Americans whose citizenship has been stripped by their tribes, with little exposure from the mainstream media. It's dismaying to many of us who have been on the front lines of the fight, to see a FAKE Native American Senator, get so much media attention for her cultural appropriation.    GIVE Tribal DISENROLLMENT the attention MEDIA, NOT a FAKE INDIAN.

As my friend Michelle Hammock wrote about the disenrolled:

We have the blood, we have the named ancestors on government rolls and censuses, we have kinship, friendships, hands on, involved-ness, etc. But what disenrollees don't have, is an honest tribal government to protect their identities, their status, their homes, their ancestral rights to be who and what they are.

Elizabeth Warren of Massachussetts: WANNABE in CHIEF BECLOWNS HERSELF MORE.

It's going to be tough to beat the exercise in futility that Sen. Elizabeth Warren spent so much time and energy on this week.  She allegedly took a DNA test and had a researcher who DOES NOT DO DNA TESTS, give the results:   She is whiter than most Americans, but might have Native ancestry 10 generations ago.

Cherokee Nation SECRETARY OF STATE issued a statement on Warren's claims here

Cherokee genealogist TWILA BARNES' statement on PHONY Elizabeth Warren, Democrat Senator from Massachussetts sums it up nicely

If you missed the documentation of Elizabeth Warren's FALSE family claims to CHEROKEE ancestry that Twila did it's on her blog THOUGHTS FROM POLLY's GRANDDAUGHTER  in six parts representing many weeks of research...


John Dossett
Photo from: NCAI
In an earlier post, we were hoping that the NCAI will FINALLY stand up for the over 10,000 disenrolled in Indian Country today.  But, if they take so long to stand up for THEIR OWN EMPLOYEES in the #MeToo era, can we REALLY expect them to do anything? 
(h/t to Johnnie Jae for pointing me here)

You're a pretty young Native woman, beware
Women come forward at National Congress of American Indians
An Investigation by Kevin Abourezk and Acee Agoyo

The highest-ranking attorney at the National Congress of American Indians has been reassigned in the wake of sexual harassment allegations, an investigation by Indianz.Com has found.
John Dossett has been employed by the nation’s oldest and largest inter-tribal organization since 1995. And up until last month, he was serving as general counsel, NCAI’s senior-most legal position and one with widespread influence in Indian Country, from policy matters in the executive branch and legislation on Capitol Hill to high-profile U.S. Supreme Court cases.

Expressing Your MORAL OUTRAGE at Sovereign Tribes That Harm Their People. Pechanga Practices Apartheid on their Reservation

As we keep hearing more tribes are in the "disenrolllment business" I think this post is one that needs to be put up on my blog often.  I posted this way back in June 2007 and it still does apply, and we need more emphasis on shining a spotlight on the corrupt tribal leadership.  Now the Nooksack Tribe in Washington State and The Grand Ronde in Oregon need to know that what they are doing is NOT RIGHT.

I hope from what you read here, you do NOT get the impression that we are against tribal gaming. That is not true. The links tell the story of what's happening at Pechanga, Snoqualmie in Washington State and other reservations like Chukchansi and Pala. Feel free to comment, they are open.

Tribal gaming has helped many tribes in CA, come out of poverty, Pechanga included. Many of the Pechanga people are uneducated and I remember they were so excited when they qualified for a Target credit card. Unfortunately, with success, greed soon follows. Instead of helping all their people, including those they placed in a moratorium hold, who rightfully belonged to the tribe they looked at who they could get rid of to increase their per capita. And, unfortunately, the money hasn't made everyone happy.

But the facts are clear, most tribes have not treated their people as abominably as Pechanga, Redding Rancheria, Picayune Rancheria, Snoqualmie and others have treated their people. In fact it's more like Tribal Terrorism

Reconciling MORAL OUTRAGE at Pechanga Tribe with Self Determination

Here is an excellent article by Sheryl Lightfoot about how to support sovereignty issues, while not supporting the actions when they are morally repugnant, such as Pechanga's disenrollment of 25% of their tribe in order to enrich the remaining members.

Sheryl Lightfoot Article

In order to be sovereign nations, we must act like sovereign nations. But that does not mean that in order to support self-determination in principle, we need to agree with every decision of other sovereign nations. Nation-states in the international system do not always agree with the internal actions of other nation-states, yet they nearly always accept the principle of the equal sovereignty of all nation-states within the international system (with certain notable exceptions like the Iraq invasion or humanitarian interventions). When a nation-state, a group of nation-states, or private citizens of other nation-states disagree with the internal actions of another nation-state, there are a number of possible avenues of action.

First, sovereign nation-states can register a diplomatic complaint with the government of the offending nation-state. This is done all the time in the international system. The U.S. Department of State often drafts and delivers letters of protest to the diplomats and officials of other governments over areas of disagreement. Likewise, the executives of our indigenous nations have the right, if not the moral responsibility, to send letters and make phone calls of complaint directly to the executives of the Cherokee Nation, expressing their concern over the disenrollment decision. This can be done while supporting the inherent right of an indigenous nation to determine its own membership.

Another tactic which can be employed by other indigenous nations or the private citizens of other nations is the art of moral persuasion, or ''moral suasion,'' as it has also been termed. This involves a campaign of exposure and embarrassment. (OP: This is what we've been pursuing for 9 years now)
This tactic has most often been employed in international human rights campaigns, with the purpose being to expose the immoral government action in the media and open up international discussion in order to embarrass the target government into changing its policy to better conform to international norms.

This was done in the early days of the campaign against apartheid in South Africa and has been used often by groups like Amnesty International to urge governments to stop human rights abuses. OP: Now, tribes like Pechanga practice APARTHEID on their reservations, not allowing disenrolled Pechanga people the right to use reservation facilities.

My view is this:

As mentioned on other sites, tribal sovereignty is something that should be nurtured and cherished and not dishonored by tribe who wield sovereignty like a club.. Many now believe that the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians from Temecula, CA will be responsible for the quick erosion of sovereignty, that tribes have fought for for centuries. The question was asked, "what could be done?".

Frankly, economic sanctions of another nation, plus public embarrassment may be the only course of action that is effective. For instance, in South Africa, it was their SOVEREIGN RIGHT as a free nation to impose apartheid on their country, yet, thankfully, at the urging of the Congressional Black Caucus, we stood up for black South Africans.

What recourse did civilized countries use to bring down this hateful policy? Economic sanctions and world ridicule of the policy. No trade, no travel, no money. Final result, end of apartheid and a welcome back to South Africa into the world community.
Similarly, citizens of the United States can impose their own economic sanctions on the Tribal Nation of Pechanga by boycotting their nation's commercial enterprises, primarily TRIBAL CASINOS.

Stop patronizing their casinos, hotel, restaurants and their powwows. Let them know that we do not agree with their system of denying civil rights to their people and until they follow their own tribal law, citizens of our country will NOT support their nation, but will patronize (OP: In other words, support tribal gaming elsewhere) their competitor nations.

Also, letting state and federal representatives know that we expect them not to support a nation that would treat its citizens this way, especially NOT to allow them increased monetary benefits by expanding their casino slot machines. OP: BIA? HELLO? ANYONE THERE? Kevin Washburn, your righteousness is calling, it misses you.

Readers, there are 250 members of the band that were disenrolled and 400 people who are caught in Pechanga's illegal moratorium (illegal in that SOVEREIGN nation, against the sovereign nation of Pechanga's own constitution) Pechanga and its chairman, Mark Macarro deserves no benefit from violations of their laws and against citizens of the United States. Chukchansi has exterminated 70% of it's tribe, Redding 25%. Elders and children abused by unconstitutional acts under the BIA's watchful eye. Now since this first writing in 2007, more tribes have abused their people:  Pala, Nooksack, Grand Ronde.  WHY?  Because they know they can get away with it...

Please ask your friends to read our blog and share it on social media and friends 

repost from 2013

Saturday, October 6, 2018

Repost: Disenrollment is a BAD BUSINESS decision

Attorney Jared Miller has some thought on disenrollment. Sovereign status comes with sovereign responsibility If you are following efforts by the Nooksack tribal government to purge 306 members from its rolls, you probably hold one of two views on the matter.
You may believe tribal disenrollment is patently unjust and requires some kind of federal or international intervention on behalf of the “Nooksack 306.” Or you may feel that disenrollment is solely a matter for the Nooksack Tribe to sort out, and non-tribal authorities should stay out of it.
Allow me to propose a third possibility.

Disenrollment is a business matter. That’s because tribal governments abandoning members en masse will harm their own bottom line by engendering negative media and investor perceptions. More critically, they threaten the bottom line of Indian businesses everywhere. As such, Indian people and tribal governments across the country have an interest in seeing that ugly disenrollment fights like the one on the Nooksack Reservation in Washington State do not happen. They should act to protect that interest.

Nooksack tribal officials endeavor to end forever the affiliation of 306 members. Disenrollment by the tribe could mean loss of benefits like housing, healthcare and education. Even more painful, according to some Nooksack members facing disenrollment, termination of tribal membership means a heart-rending loss of formal contact with their community and their culture.

As expected, the Nooksack 306 are fighting hard in courts and elsewhere to maintain tribal connections, and to secure rights to all the tangibles and intangibles that emanate from their identities as tribal people. Lawsuits are pending in tribal court and tribal appellate court, as well as federal court. The battle is a public one. Local reporters have been on the story for some time. On August 25, the Seattle Times waded into the fray with a piece detailing the saga. Even more recently, Al-Jazeera introduced its growing audience to the story. Suddenly, what was essentially a family fight has become a very public airing of Nooksack dirty laundry.

Reporters have focused on a couple of angles. Some highlight accusations that greed, corruption, and racism aimed at tribal members with Filipino ancestry are driving disenrollment efforts. Others report that Nooksack officials may have ignored their own laws by failing to provide due process throughout the disenrollment process. All the coverage paints an unflattering picture. Similar stories are trending across Indian country. According to Stephen L. Pevar’s book, The Rights of Indians and Tribes, “thousands of tribal members have been disenrolled from their tribes, usually from those with profitable casinos whose remaining members would then receive a larger share of the profits.” Another noted Native American professor has called the disenrollment era a “sort of tribal civil war.” So what can be done? Predictions about the disenrollment trend are bleak. For example, University of Minnesota Professor David E. Wilkins, in a June 4, 2013 column for Indian Country Today Media Network, predicted that “native disenrollments will continue unabated” until either Congress or the U.S. Supreme Court intervene. His column suggests potential avenues of short-term redress for individuals facing disenrollment, but Professor Wilkins seems to assert that only federal authorities can provide comprehensive relief.

Let’s hope he’s wrong. For one thing, enrollment (or disenrollment) is a matter for tribes to decide. It is rarely advisable for outsiders to intervene in tribal infighting, and federal law is clear that non-Indian courts generally have no jurisdiction in matters of tribal membership (save for habeas corpus or a collateral federal question). Inviting Congress or the Roberts Court to intervene should send shivers up your spine.

Moreover, there is reason for optimism. Tribal governments have shown a stunning talent for pragmatism and savvy in matters of tribal business and finance. Walk into most any Indian-owned casino and you’ll experience a level of professionalism and service that scoffers never predicted, to cite just one example.

And let’s be clear: Disenrollment is a business issue. Ugly battles like the one at Nooksack have potential to deeply affect tribes’ bottom lines. That’s partly because non-Indians may view such controversies as indicators of greed and corruption. Investors may also conclude that partnering with a tribal government engaged in abandoning its own citizens is not worth the risk to investment. And non-Indians viewing disenrollment through the lens of old stereotypes may extrapolate those notions to tribes generally. It shouldn’t happen, but it does. There is a price attached to everything. Tribes mulling disenrollment need to focus on the cost to business. They must consider that disenrollment can spook investors, and the negative financial impacts can be long term, widespread and devastating. (Just Google “Nooksack disenrollment” to see what potential business partners will read when they research the Nooksack Tribe.) Native American leaders should pause to understand that a tribe going to war with itself drives down the stock price of all of Indian country.

In addition to financial interests, there is a real risk that Congress or the U.S. Supreme Court might one day make new law in the area of tribal citizenship. We just saw the Court diminish Indian child welfare law and tribal cultural identity in the “Baby Veronica” case. Now imagine how the Roberts Court might undermine tribal citizenship if given the chance. For these reasons, tribal governments and tribal officials should employ the forces of regional and national intertribal politics to pressure officials pursuing disenrollment. It is time to pick up the phone, or the pen, or write an email. Get creative. Too much is at stake to remain silent.
Pressure on the Nooksack government should begin now. Journalists and potential Indian-country investors are closely watching this fight, and they will take note as it unfolds. It would go a long way to shape media and investor perceptions of tribal governments if the Nooksack government could wake up to the big picture and resolve its problems without throwing hundreds of members off the rolls. But no matter where you stand on the Nooksack fight, putting an end to disenrollment is critical for the bottom line in Indian country. Read more at

Friday, October 5, 2018

Interview with Rising Indigenous Activist Emilio Reyes OnTribal Disenrollment

We are headed for vacation and will be away for a week,  In case you missed this 2015 interview with Emilio Reyes, who has done some excellent work in our archives in support of San Pasqual and he has found critical evidence on Pechanga and Pala.  This was research for a university project that many of us are involved with.  

Kill the Indian save the man has now become disenroll us and make us disappear” – Emilio Reyes

Interview with Native American Activist Emilio Reyes 

Interview Questions from Dayna Barrios Research on Disenrollment among 
Native Nations in Central and Northern California

1. What are your thoughts on current tribal membership criteria for Native Nations in California?

In 1978 the Supreme Court ruled that the federal government played no enforcement role over tribal governments in the case of Santa Clara Pueblo v Martinez. Therefore existing tribes can create a membership criteria to determine eligibility based on their tribe’s constitutions. Some tribes do implement the United States constitution to their tribal’s constitution. In some cases, tribes require to be a certain Indian blood degree, while others don’t have a blood degree requirement and some tribes as long as you can proof you are a direct descent from their base roll, you would be eligible for membership of the tribe. Since blood quantum or Indian blood degree was created by the American federal government to help individuals, assimilate and to qualify for federal services, it shouldn’t be used in any tribe’s constitution. My way of thinking is based in ancestry. Blood quantum is a white way to make you and your descendants disappear. Being 1/16 or 1/32 will not make you less Indian or less descendant. Anyone should be eligible for tribal membership as long as the individual can proof their genealogy to the tribe’s base roll as long as the base roll is reasonable and acceptable by its members. 

2. What kind of experiences have you had with disenrollment? 

Thursday, October 4, 2018

Gabe Galanda: The BIA's BLOOD TROUBLE

Native American Justice Warrior, Attorney Gabriel Galanda gets to the heart of the Bureau of Indian Affairs recent decision to end issuance of CDIB.  The BIA has made some EGREGIOUS mistakes on INDIAN BLOOD 

As Gabe mentioned on his twitter: "I have no doubt that if the BIA carries out its proposed plan to cease issuing CDIBs, many more Indians will be disenrolled and internecine warfare will destroy many more tribal communities."

First, we never defined ourselves according to blood degree until the U.S. foisted that racial formation/fiction upon in the late 1800s and most notably via the IRA in 1934. The BIA should not get it twisted in suggesting that the acts of defining Indian blood or issuing certificates of any kind were traditionally any aspect of tribal sovereignty.

Although some tribes have “638’d” the issuance of CDIBs, as the letter alludes, if a practice wasn’t indigenous to us, it’s disingenuous to dub it an act of “self-determination” today. It is instead an act of delegated federal/colonial power. Disenrollment is another example of this dynamic. OP: Disenrollment is the stripping of tribal citizenship practiced by many casino tribes (Pala, Pechanga, Redding, Nooksack)

Second, as Paul Spruhan has explained in his seminal scholarship on CDIBs, the BIA has been issuing CDIBs since the 1930s, albeit without any Congressional authority to do so. Rising indigenous activist Emilio Reyes has uncovered the BIA’s current CDIB “policy.” READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

Can't Support An Elizabeth Warren Presidency While She Appropriates Cherokee Identity

A very complete detailing here by Rebecca Nagle (Cherokee) of WHY cultural appropriating Sen.  Elizabeth Warren shouldn't have Native American support for her Presidential run.

Some reports say that Warren is 1/32 Native American through her great-great-great-grandmother, who was described as Cherokee on her marriage license application. But the original application and marriage license have never been found to corroborate this story told in Warren’s family.
Her family history is not a mystery; her genealogy has been traced back to before the Trail of Tears to Revolutionary America, and no evidence of Native ancestry has been found. Her family is completely absent from over 45 records and rolls of Cherokee people from 1817 to 1914. In the same period, before Cherokees were citizens, her relatives appear in multiple U.S. censuses as white. OP:Twila Barnes did a masterful job on Warren's genealogy

Monday, October 1, 2018

Cathy Cory: WHO to AVOID VOTING FOR at Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians

Chukchansi warrior Cathy Cory goes into the Lion's Den again with her view of who to vote AGAINST in the upcoming Oct. 6th  elections at the Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians.

Cathy Cory
Dismembered from Chukchansi

My opinion of who ABSOLUTELY NOT to vote for PRCI tribal council! electing ANY of these candidates may see your own Chukchansi kin dismembered through disenrollment, and/or more of the status quo or lack of leadership placing picayune where it is today--which is definitely not on a good path forward for all Chukchansi people, but toward further destruction of the tribe:

DUSTIN GRAHAM (prior prci council)



DORA JONES (prior prci council)

MORRIS REID (prior prci council)

PATRICK HAMMOND (prior/current prci council prior enrollment committee chair)




IRENE WALTZ (prior prci council)

VOTE for these people at your own risk.  Why bring CORRUPTION back?

Sunday, September 30, 2018

San Manuel Band of Mission Indians AWARDS $960,000 to Cal State San Bernardino to Increase Success of Native American Students

As over a decade of Native American DISAPPEARING via Tribal Disenrollment in such tribes as Pala, Pechanga, Redding and the Picayune Rancheria to name just a few, there is ONE TRIBE that stands head and shoulders above the rest in advancing Native American successes.    THE SAN MANUEL BAND OF MISSION INDIANS

The San Manuel Band of Mission Indians has awarded an unprecedented three-year, $960,000 gift to California State University, San Bernardino to increase the college-going rates and success of Native American students.

As part of the Native American Enrollment and Achievement Initiative, CSUSB will identify and hire a Director of Tribal Relations dedicated to oversee the implementation of the program. The grant will sponsor two enrollment and outreach coordinators focused on building a pipeline from all high schools statewide to CSUSB, other California State University campuses or a University of California campus; three student mentors to provide guidance to native students enrolled at CSUSB; an academic scholarship; and a summer bridge program geared toward the Native American student population.

“We are extremely proud of our longstanding partnership with the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, which has played a key role in our becoming a hub for Native American culture and education,” said CSUSB President Tomás D. Morales in announcing the grant during a breakfast gathering for the California Native American Day celebration held on campus on Friday, Sept. 28.

Friday, September 28, 2018


Out of the mouths of babes.

9 yr old Hunter descendant spreading the word! On the way home from a Native American Day event at UCSanBern, our 9 year old granddaughter Iliana had this exchange on the bus with her teacher and related it to me:

liana says, PAPA!  MRS. LEVI (her teacher) was talking to Mrs.Otherteacher... and she said Mark Macarro! And I TOLD HER......MRS LEVI, Mark Macarro is chairman of the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians and HE KICKED MY FAMILY OUT OF THE TRIBE.

It's good when the kids listen.  That's her on the upper right in the picture

So..I sent the blog address to her teacher check out.  Keep spreading the word!

Wednesday, September 26, 2018

San Pasqual's Jose Juan Descendants STILL AWAITING DECISION in SUIT AGAINST Dept of Interior

Here's the latest on the San Pasqual Lawsuit and the rumors swirling on the reservation.  Best thing to do is JUST WAIT.


San Pasqual - I have received numerous texts, FB messages and phone calls . . . and I KNOW that it is very difficult not to have any news or any answers . . . but please understand this is completely in the hands of Judge Battaglia. Let me put this to you in a different context . . . the San Pasqual Indians are totally unique in California history . . . and our case is one of first impression [meaning, there is no other case in the history of the U.S. that we can look to for any guidance - and that is for a whole other set of reasons]. Any of you are always welcome to make an inquiry, but I ASSURE you the minute that I hear ANYTHING, I will be the first to let you know . . . . . no matter what the outcome.

I learned quite some time ago that Reservations are just like any other provincial town, anywhere . . . . where one idiot can make an ignorant statement, and then that statement is passed along, and then through a tin can, connected to a string - the story on the other side is . . . . [make it anything that you want]. I can only assure you that the rumors that you are hearing are either completely misguided or calculated to lead you into a frenzied rabbit hole - a beehive of stressed out rubbish! UNLESS YOU HEAR DIRECTLY FROM ME, then it is all nonsense chatter . . . it is nothing more than a small town's gossip and it is without merit.

Everything has been submitted to Judge Battaglia, effective July 17, 2018 . . . . and now we wait. [and, no there is no time frame in which Judge Battaglia must provide his ruling - NONE].

Twila Barnes: FAKE CHEROKEE TRIBES MORE Than Cultural Appropriation

You've heard the term WANNABE, as in they WANNABE Indians.  Our friend Twila Barnes, the noted Cherokee Genealogist who exposed the lies of Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren's fake ancestry, takes on the original fake tribes who claim Cherokee ancestry.  Descendants of Gardner Green, or not?

Twila Barnes
Noted Cherokee Genealogist

Unraveling the birth of the original fake Cherokee tribe in Missouri is complicated. There are several groups that claim to be the original, but the documents filed with the state, the available group histories, and interviews with people involved at the time make it clear which group was the first and which groups splintered from it.

READ THE ARTICLE HERE on Thoughts From Polly's Granddaughter    and remember, there are ONLY 3 federally recognized Cherokee Tribes.