|Kevin Spacey Stars in HOUSE OF CARDS|
Amy Stretten, of FUSION.net has the story:
Each tribe determines who can be considered part of their tribe because they are sovereign nations. Much like how the United States decides who is a citizen, a tribal government determines their own criteria for membership. And, unfortunately for some, those requirements can change over time leaving tribal members tribeless.
What's the reason? Well, as with the "Ugaya" tribe in House of Cards, recently, disenrollment has been related to allegations of greed by casino tribes (tribes that own casinos). The issue has been happening all across Indian Country since bingo halls and eventually casinos became a potential source of income for Indian tribes seeking a way to provide for their people.
The Chukchansi, the Nooksack and the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde, to name just a few are recent examples of disenrollment cases to make the news. OP: Add Pala, Pechanga, Redding, Robinson Rancheria, Enterprise, San Pasqual and others..
Consider the United States deciding one day to take your citizenship away. You woke up an American and by lunch, you were stateless and without valid identification or a passport.
For many who have been disenrolled, it cuts even deeper – it's a matter of losing ones identity. For tribal members who work for their tribal government, they may lose their job or be forced to leave their home and switch schools if they live on tribal land or attend a tribal school.
For tribal governments and the remaining tribal members (who met the newly established enrollment requirements), it has meant a greater share of the money.
As the New York Times reported in 2011, "Clan rivalries and political squabbles are often triggers for disenrollment, but critics say one factor above all has driven the trend: casino gambling."Learn More on Disenrollment, Ethnic Cleansing in Indian Gaming Country at these Links:
Gaming Revenue Blamed for Disenrollment
disenrollment is paper Genocide
CA Tribal Cleansing
TRIBAL TERRORISM includes Banishment