Thursday, March 17, 2016

Obama Supreme Court Pick, Served JUSTICE for Cherokee Freedmen Against The Cherokee Nation

Today, President Barack Obama made his choice for the vacancy on the Supreme Court created by the death of legal giant, Antonin Scalia.  His pick Merrick Garland, has made some waves in Indian Country. Including being in the majority against San Manuel vs. NLRB
Merrick Garland
Supreme Court Candidate

He was part of the 3-0 decision in Vann vs US Department of Interior which reversed a lower court ruling that the Cherokee Chief could NOT be sued due to tribal sovereignty.  Read more about the Cherokee Freedmen

Before the Civil War, members of the Cherokee Nation had slaves. Those slaves
were freed in 1866 pursuant to a treaty negotiated between the United States and the Cherokee Nation. The Treaty guaranteed the former Cherokee slaves and their descendants – known as the Freedmen – “all the rights of native Cherokees” in perpetuity. 
See Treaty with the Cherokee, art.9, July 19, 1866, 14 Stat. 799. 
Those rights included the right to tribal membership and the right to vote in tribal elections. At some point, the Cherokee Nation decided that the Freedmen were no longer members of the tribe and could no longer vote in tribal elections. A group of Freedmen eventually sued in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, claiming that the Cherokee Nation had violated the 1866 Treaty.

The District Court agreed with the Cherokee Nation. The District Court concluded that the Cherokee Nation was a required party for purposes of Rule 19, that the Cherokee Nation’s interests could not be adequately represented by the Principal Chief, and that the case could not go forward

The court said:

We reverse. Applying the precedents that permit suits against government officials in their official capacities, we conclude that this suit may proceed against the Principal Chief in his official capacity, without the Cherokee Nation itself as a party.

When reached for comment, Marilyn Vann, President of the Descendents of Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes stated:  "He' s not a tool of big money tribes, so he' s the kind of judge we need on higher courts"


marilyn said...

Excellent choice President Obama.

Alice Langton-Sloan said...

A Public Servant who believes in Justice.
First People! People First!

marilyn said...

Voters can contact their US Senators to push for a hearing of the Judiciary committee and an up and down vote on the nomination...

Unknown said...

Don't forget people, native Americans were here before anyone else, you all stole their land, including the US government. As Natives, we are still paying the price, as are our children and g. children. The day you treat us with respect and dignity and honor, then we'll talk..

WeRone said...

TRUTH being shared. It's sad when there is no inside truth sharing inside some bands, and then corruption is broadcast under a shield of sovereignty. Unfortunately the shield is only used to protect some factions and not the band and ALL members rights. Not ALL bands practice disrespectful actions, but ALL bands want to be treated as independent bodies , ALL members should be treated the same.

Anonymous said...

Horrible choice in terms of tribal sovereignty.

Anonymous said...

This is a terrible choice. People need to look at the bigger picture. I pray that this never comes to a vote.